September 29, 1966
Considered to be the deadliest day during a series of pogroms against Igbo people living in the North. In response, hundreds of thousands of persecuted Igbo flee to the Eastern region.
A series of anti-Igbo pogroms took place in northern Nigeria from May to September 1966. This violence emerged from long-standing ethnic tensions as well as the increased hostility that had emerged in the wake of the political struggles for control of state power. Though killings took place throughout the period, they peaked on three days: May 29, July 29, and September 29. Once the pogroms had ended, there were very few easterners left in the north because most were either dead, had fled to the eastern region, or were hiding with sympathetic northerners. Observers estimated that 3,000-30,000 Igbo were killed during this period, and another 150,000-300,000 fled to southern and eastern regions.
Video: “1966 anti-Igbo pogrom”
Book: Anthony, Douglas A. Poison and Medicine: Ethnicity, Power, and Violence in a Nigerian City, 1966-1986. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 2002.