On this page are links to useful resources for further research and/or general learning about Africa in general, and Nigerian history in particular.
Africa at LSE. Part of the Firoz Lalji Centre for Africa. Expert analysis and debate on African issues and Africa’s place in the world.
Africa is a Country: Features online commentary, original writing, media criticism, videos, audio, and photography, becoming one of the leading intellectual voices in the African — particularly from the left — online media sphere.
African Arguments: African Arguments is a pan-African platform for news, investigation and opinion. It provides a crucial and unique platform for predominantly African writers to reach a predominantly African, and international, audience.
CIHA Blog (Critical Investigations into Humanitarianism in Africa). Seeks to transform the phenomenon of aid to Africa into egalitarian and respectful relationships that challenge unequal power relations, paternalism and victimization. Research and commentaries highlight critical and religious voices to explore connections among issues of faith, governance, gender, and race in colonial and post-colonial contexts.
Ufahamu Africa. A bi-weekly podcast about life and politics on the continent.
African Activist Archive. This database is a collection of materials from a number of archives relates to Africa. Everything is digitized. It includes a number of Biafra-related documents, especially from the American Committee on Africa.
African Studies Centre Leiden. This library has an excellent web dossier on the Biafra war that highlights materials in the library collection. Although most people will not be able to access these materials, they do offer a good bibliography of relevant published materials (in English, French, and German) that scholars and students might be able to access at other libraries.
American Jewish Committee Archives. This digital collection includes highlights from the archives, including some material on the AJC’s activities as part of Joint Church Aid-USA. There is more material in the New York offices that is not yet digitalized.
Bay Area Committee to Save Biafran Children records, held at the University of California, Berkeley. Two boxes of materials from an activist organization. Not digitized; request in advance from the library.
British Library, includes a number of published materials from the Britain-Biafra Association, the major activist group in England. The library also includes a number of Nigerian newspapers from the late 1960s, many of which have extensive coverage of the war. You need a Reader pass to use the library. Apply in advance online.
Clearing House for Nigeria/Biafra Information Records. The Swarthmore Peace Collection includes this remarkably rich archive of materials collected by pro-Biafra activists during the war. The 21 boxes of materials include records from local and national (US) pro-Biafra organizations, some material from European and African groups, news clippings from a large variety of papers and magazines, and reports, documents, and flyers from a wide variety of sources. An excellent collection of material from the national American Committee to Keep Biafra Alive, the American Friends Service Committee, and others. It includes also statements from the US government and various city council or state resolutions on the war. This material is not online but is available on microfilm at some university libraries.
Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS), Volume E-5: Documents on Sub-Saharan Africa, 1969-1972. This includes US foreign policy documents related to the Nigerian Civil. War. All available online.
Hoover Institution. The Hoover archives at Stanford University includes the papers of the American Committee to Keep Biafra Alive, St. Louis chapter, which has a great deal of material from the national committee as well. There are other individual collections that include small amounts of material on the Nigeria-Biafra War. The Finding Aids are online but you must visit the Palo Alto archives to access the materials.
ICRC archives. The International Committee of the Red Cross has an excellent archive of audio-visual materials from decades of their work all over the world. The archive has a good collection of images, most of which are included in the Knowledge Database on the Remembering Biafra site. You can also use the archive to search any area of ICRC work.
Joint Distribution Committee archives. The JDC is an international Jewish organization focused on relief and aid since 1914. The JDC has some digitized material on Biafra under the “Text Collection,” mostly related to its participation in the American Jewish Emergency Effort for Biafran Relief. More material is available in the archives in New York; you must complete the online application and receive approval before scheduling a visit.
Kerr, Graham. Republic of Biafra Collection, 1968-70. Emory University Library. Documents and clippings. Not digitized.
National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) of the US. Housed in College Park, MD. One search engine gives results from all of the presidential libraries. Some material is digitized.
National Archives of the United Kingdom (Kew). Holds the official documents of the UK, which was the former colonial power in Nigeria, and also archival records for many other collections in the UK. Few of the documents are digitized; most available only at the National Archives in Kew, England.
National Council of Churches archive. One of the three members of Joint Church Aid-USA (along with American Jewish Committee and Catholic Relief), the NCC was a major force in US activism on behalf of Biafra. The NCC archives are held at the Burke Library of Union Theological Seminary, part of the Columbia University libraries. The finding aid is online but the materials must be viewed at the Burke Library in New York City.
National Council of Churches Division of Overseas Ministries held by the Presbyterian Historical Society. The papers of NCC’s Division of Foreign Missions (which became Division of Overseas Ministries in 1965) from 1914-1972. This is a very large collection that includes all of the international work before 1973, and most of it is available able only at the archives in Philadelphia. But some of the material is digitized and can be searched online here, but there is little on the war that is digitized.
New York Public Library. The NYPL includes a number of books published about the Nigeria-Biafra war during the period of the conflict. Many of these are at the Schwartzman building on Fifth Ave. or at Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture on Malcolm X Blvd. The Biafra War Collection is at the Schomburg Manuscripts & Archives collection. The material was gathered by Maxwell Cohen, who served as a legal representative for Biafra in the US; it contains a great deal of material from Biafra as well as correspondence.
Oxfam papers, Oxford University, Bodleian library. This includes a voluminous collection of Oxfam’s materials, including materials from the administrative side, a collection of fundraising appeals, and materials from the public relations/communications office.
Save the Children papers, University of Birmingham special collections. These archives are only partially available at the university. The most current list (March 2018) of available documents is here.
World Council of Churches archive. The WCC was a major player in the global response to the Biafra war. Although the WCC itself was divided, with member churches from both sides of the war, the discussions and debates are quite extensive and revealing. A number of member churches of the WCC joined to form Joint Church Aid, which was one of the leading forces in delivering humanitarian aid into Biafra. Some of the material is digitized but much of it is available only at the WCC archives in Geneva.